2018. December 16. 14:50

Local Alternative currencies


New opportunities in expanding local financial services



Csaba Lakócai
Junior Research Fellow,
Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Economic and Regional Studies
(MTA KRTK) Institute for Regional Studies, Pécs

Zoltán Gál
Senior Research Fellow,
Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Economic and Regional Studies
(MTA KRTK) Institute for Regional Studies, Pécs

Sándor Zsolt Kovács
Junior Research Fellow,
Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre for Economic and Regional Studies
(MTA KRTK) Institute for Regional Studies, Pécs

Published in: Public Finance Quarterly 2018/4. (p. 473-489.)



Summary: The paper examines local complementary currencies, a type of economic money substitute, as one of the local responses to financial globalisation. The most recent wave of local currencies implies that their operation is independent of the processes of financial globalisation, i.e. financialisation, and this is substantiated by the examples found both in developed and developing countries. This doesn’t mean that local currencies have similar features in different social and political environments; alternative financial services meant to decrease financial exclusion, which include local currencies, have different mechanisms of operation in regions with different levels of wealth. At the end of the paper, we provide a brief overview of the situation in Hungary, examining the factors that influence the complementary use of local currencies.

Keywords: financialisation, money substitutes, local currencies, financial services

JEL codes: D25, G20, G21, G23, G29, F49, F65



Download full text here! (pdf)